FRC: A Book set in the 17th or 18th Century
Historical fiction can whisk you away to another time, by providing the small details of life that might be missing in nonfiction history. Historical fiction is always a blend of facts and speculation, with some leaning more to one or the other, but in all the time period becomes a major factor in the novel.
The Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries were times of great change and upheaval, and provide a rich backdrop for historical fiction. From the English Civil War to the Napoleonic Wars, from the colonization of the New World to the American Revolution, it was an era full of drama and conflict, perfect for historical fiction!
The library catalog is a great resource if you are looking for fiction based on a particular event. For example, here are some searches for a few events.
HistoricalNovels.info has extensive lists of historical fiction from both centuries.
Although not arranged by century, 50 Essential Historical Fiction Books has some good choices, including The Thousand Autumns of Jacob De Zoet, set in Japan and just squeaking in at 1799.